Just last week on my 6th visit to Serbia I found a pretty good deal on a 1951 Leica IIIf screw mount camera body. After a few consultations with Google Translate I met a man named Milos in front of the Belgrade National Theater to inspect the camera…Read More
I think a commonality we all have as film photographers is the excitement, self-doubt, and surprise that comes along with developing each roll of film. Maybe it can summed up as "expectation vs reality", and not in a funny meme way but in a very private and self-reflective sort of way. Currently it's been 80 days, 6 countries, and 19 rolls of film since I have developed a single picture. So you can be sure...Read More
I searched this city up and down for film cameras and film photography equipment. I put that knowledge into this film camera buying guide, detailing and ranking all the places with a steady...Read More
Unless you are an avid point and shoot film camera collector, it's likely you have never heard of the Rollei AFM 35. First of all its a marvelous little camera, but the misconception that it lacks...Read More
Fuji Superia 1600 is potentially the perfect film for most any casual situation, from sunlit outdoors to dim indoor interiors it provides a very fine grain structure for its class maintaining rich color saturation in low lightRead More
One of the most well-known photos of our time is that of the 'Afghan Girl'. Taken by photographer Steve McCurry while on assignment for National Geographic in Pakistan in 1984.Read More
Cameras can come in all shapes and sizes. The rules that define a functioning camera allow for endless design possibilities. It's no secret that (like many other things) the 1980's were an...Read More
If Leica wasn't already the pinnacle of luxury digital and film cameras, here's a set of special edition Leica cameras that will leave you checking the blue book value on your car. Enjoy!Read More
The following is a collection of some of the earliest known images of people smiling, starting with a pair of soldiers in the Mexican American War in 1847, up to a group of soldiers near the end of the Civil War.Read More
There's much to be debated when asking "Is film dead?" In my opinion it could best be summarized by saying, "Film is not dead, it's just not a necessity." Though some film purists would disagree.Read More
Here is a list of the 18 most expensive photographs ever sold, this collection features works created from the mid 1800s to 2014.Read More
Leica, 1920's Germany
Just as films were getting better, making bigger enlargements possible, the Leica camera changed the world. Then, as now, the Leica was made to the highest mechanical standards, all designed to help a photographer take the highest quality photographs in the easiest, least obtrusive way.
Its inventor, Oskar Barnack, developed prototypes as early as 1913, and in 1925, Ernst Leitz introduced the 35mm Leica A, known as the Leica 1 Model A in the United States. In 1935, each of its new interchangeable lenses-both a 35mm wide-angle and 135mm telephoto - turned Leic into a different instrument. "Little Negatives, big pictures," was Barnack's motto.
Here are some of Leica's earliest models that were the trendsetters of the early camera industry.
Leica 1 Model A, 1925
Focal Plane Shutter: 1/25 - 1/500 Lens: Non Collapsible 50mm f/3.5 Price in 1925: $114
Leica 1 Model B, 1930
Rim-Set Compur Leaf Shutter: 1/1 - 1/300
Leica II Model D, 1932
Built in Coupled Rangefinder Built in Yellow Filter Optional: Remote Film Advance/Shutter Release Price in 1932: $56
Leica Single Exposure, 1936
Designed for Film Testing Tiny View Camera Price in 1936: "OLIGO" Model $31.50, "OLORA" Model $12.75
Part of Leica's appeal came from the very idea of the "candid camera." Erich Salomon (1886 - 1944) first used a handheld model, the Ermanox, to photograph German high society as Hitler was gaining power.
Before long Alfred Eisenstadt and Henri Cartier-Bresson were using Leicas to make pictures of scenes such as V-J Day kisses in Times Square and street life in paris. The cumbersome Speed Graphic with its powerful flash was still an awesome weapon for news photographers covering Hollywood openings and shooting crime scenes. But the Leica ratified the 35mm format.
In the 1960s, German, American, and especially Japanese camera companies gradually substituted the single-lens reflex format for the rangefinder system.
Production was streamlined and camera prices lowered. By marketing their cameras to affluent amateurs, companies such as Nikon, Canon, Olympus, Asahi Pentax, and Minolta grew the business. Meanwhile films, newspapers, lenses, and processes all improved - each significant innovation serving as a "force multiplier" to drive camera sales, spur film and print consumption, and propel a growth curve that implied permanent prosperity. . .
Winnie the Welder (some call her Wendy the Welder), the moniker given to some 2,000 women who worked in the shipyard building war ships and subs.Read More
Where to buy tintype photographs is not always easy, but it can be with a few bits of insight. First lets see what's so fascinating about tintypes in the first place.Read More
Please enjoy this gallery of camera commercials over the last 20 years. No matter your age, there's sure to be some here you'll remember and I hope it will bring back a bit of nostalgia.Read More
With the inception of mirrorless cameras in 2012, a whole new world of lens options have opened up. Unlike a traditional SLR, mirrorless cameras have no mirror mechanism, leading to an overall smaller size and reduced Flange Focal Distance. This reduced flange distance is one of two factors that allow nearly any lens to be mounted to a mirrorless camera without the need of an extra optical element.
Hopefully you already have some knowledge of the use of FD lenses and made your way to this page in an effort to diversify your FD portfolio. Glad you made it, here is a list of every Canon FD lens ever made!
NOTE: If you are looking for an FD lens for interior architecture for use on an APS-C sized sensor - there is none. The ideal widest focal length would be a FF equivalent of 17-18mm, that means a 12mm lens and sadly there is no Canon FD 12mm. I recommend the Rokinon 12mm f/2 available in 5 mounts.
List of Canon FD Lenses
|Lens Name||Grp -El||Angle of View||Diaph||Min. Aper||Min. Focus (m.)||Diameter X Length||Weight (g.)||Filter Size||Hood||Notes|
|Fish-Eye 7.5mm f/5.6||8-11||180°||Man.||22||72x67.8||380||Note 1|
|Fish-Eye 7.5mm f/5.6 S.S.C.||8-11||180°||Man.||22||72x62||380||Note 1|
|New Fish-Eye 7.5mm f/5.6||8-11||180°||Man.||22||72x62||365||Note 1|
|Fish-Eye FD 15mm f/2.8 S.S.C.||9-10||180°||Auto||16||0.3||76x60.5||485||Notes 2,3|
|New Fish-Eye FD 15mm f/2.8||9-10||180°||Auto||22||0.2||76x60.5||460||Notes 2,3|
|New FD 14mm f/2.8L||10-14||114°||Auto||22||0.25||74x83.5||500||Notes 3,4|
|FD 17mm f/4||9-11||104°||Auto||22||0.25||75x56||490||72|
|FD 17mm f/4 S.S.C.||9-11||104°||Auto||22||0.25||75x56||450||72|
|New FD 17mm f/4||9-11||104°||Auto||22||0.25||76.5x56||360||72||BW-72|
- Built-in SKY, Y3, O1, R1, CCA4, and CCB4 filters
- Built-in SKY, Y3, O1, and R1 filters
- Built-in hood
- Built-in filter holder
- CAT coupling pin
- Tilt/Shift (79° angle of view with shift)
- Autofocus on T-80 body only
- Drop-in type filter
- Detachable tripod mount
- Built-in tripod mount
- For use with fixed focal length lenses of 300mm or greater
- For use with fixed focal length lenses of 300mm or greater and zoom lenses with 300mm in their range
- For use with fixed focal lenth lenses less than 300mm and zoom lenses with a maximum length less than 300mm
- Use Extender FD 2X-B with New FD 300mm f/2.8L
- Use Extender FD 2X-A with New FD 200mm f/4 Macro
This amazing resource was originally compiled in 1997 by Dennis Baron of Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT.
The original post can be found here.
Nearly 40 years after the first spaceflight that landed humans on the moon, a cloth bag packed with items from the Apollo 11 mission has been recently discovered. The discovery was made by Niel Armstrong's widow Carol Armstrong as she cleaned out a closet of their home office in Ohio. She send the following photo the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum asking if they had any interest in the items.
The most significant of the items was a 16mm Data Acquisition Camera that filmed Neil Armstrong's infamous ladder descent to the surface of the moon.
The museum immediately recognized the bag which was used as a temporary stowage bag aboard the lunar missions. It was specially fitted with pins that locked into sockets left of the Lunar Module hatch, in front of the Commander's station.
Many Cameras Never Made it Back to Earth
It's amazing that the Apollo 11 camera lost for 40 years, was even here on earth at all. Like any aircraft, the lunar module had very specific cargo weight limits. The 10 lbs of relics found in the bag, took up a significant amount of valuable space aboard the craft. The astronauts needed to lose weight before they could return home to account for the extra cargo of moon rocks and samples they obtained. In fact, it was common enough to leave cargo behind that there are 12 Hasselblad cameras still sitting on the surface of the moon to this day.
16mm Apollo 11 Film Camera on Display
The camera is temporarily on display at the National Air and Space Museum in New York City as part of the Outside the Spacecraft: 50 Years of Extra-Vehicular Activityexhibit.
Images from Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum
No this is not an article about JFK or MLK, but long before that. The speech that changed the world came in a California courtroom in 1875, by a man named William Wirt Pendergast. In an attempt to save one of the most historically significant photographers of all time from a murder conviction, Mr. Pendergast made a closing argument that would not only change a life but the generations that followed.
Sociology and technology as we know it today began in California in the middle to the end of the 19th century, and a most influential and peculiar photographer named Eadweard Muybridge what at the center of much of it. Muybridge's life was littered with genus and tragedy. Never having much of a connection with other people he found a sense of validity and stability in photography. The scientific community made great bounds in studies of human an animal locomotion thanks to his life's work, which can also be directly tied to the inception of the motion picture. But his most revolutionary achievements and the benefits we reap from them today almost never happened, as what was possibly the most calculated shot of his lifetime was with a Smith and Wesson No 2 revolver to another mans heart.
Born in Kingston upon Thames, England in 1830, Muybridge emigrated to San Fransico in the United States where he became at bookseller with his brother. In 1860 he suffered head trauma after hitting his head on a tree in a stagecoach accident while returning from a trip to England. It was around this time that Eaweard showed an interest in photography learning the wet-plate collodion process. It is unclear whether it was his trip to England or his effects of his accident that sparked his interest in photography.
He had various success in the field including several job for the US Government photographing the lighthouses of California, Railroads, and the Modoc Indian War. It was in 1868 that his pictures of the Yosemite Valley made him world famous. In 1872 an 43 year old Muybridge married Flora Shalcross Stone, 21. Early into the marriage she gained an Admirer (common at the time for women to have admirers) Major Harry Larkyns. Muybrdige thought Flora and Harry’s relationship was exceedingly inappropriate, and eventually sent Flora to live with her mother in Oregon in an attempt to stop the affair..
In 1872 Muybridge was approached by a former governor of the sate and entrepreneur Leland Stanford. Stanford went on to become one of 'The Big Four', the name given to the four business men responsible for building the Central Pacific Railroad. He also founded Stanford University in 1885. Muybridge was commissioned by Stanford (to settle a bet among friends) to develop a system for high speed photography, determining if at any point during a horses gallop all feet were off the ground, a common debate at horse races in the day. Paintings thought history had never depicted a horse fully aloft. It was the consensus that at least one of a horses legs was always on the ground even in full gallop, and at the speed of which a horses legs are moving while in full gallop, it was impossible tell with the naked eye.
Later that year Muybridge devised a successful system for instantaneous photography, with his results concluding that all four legs of a horse are off at the ground at a given point in its gallop. This breakthrough in the invention of instantaneous photography through him into an eve brighter spotlight, as well as put one of the most powerful men of the day in his corner.
Muybridge captured the world's first high speed photo 5 years before the famed George Eastman Kodak began the study of photography.
The Bastard Son & the Murder
One day in 1874 Muybridge went to visit his wife only to find that she wasn’t home. He found on her table a picture of their son Florado which he had never seen before. He picked up the photo and happened to turn it over. On the back was written “Little Harry”. Muybridge, enraged realizing his son was actually that of his wife’s lover, decided to halt the affair indefinitely. Muybridge boarded a train for an 80 mile journey Calistoga, California to confront the Major.
After dark on October 17th 1874, Muybridge made his way to a hotel at the Yellow Jacket Mine where Major Harry Larkyns was in the middle of a power game with some friends. He called for Larkyns and when he came to the door Muybridge remarked “Good evening Major. I have brought a message from my wife, take it.” Just as the last word came out of his mouth, he pulled out a Smith and Wesson No. 2 Six Shooter, shooting Larkyns through the heart, killing him. Muybridge was arrested and put to trial.
The Speech that Changed the World
It's speculated that Leland Stanford paid for Muybridge's lawyer Mr. Pendergast. Stanford surely saw Muybridge as an asset and possibly a friend. Muybridge plead “not guilty” due to insanity, blaming the head injury from a stagecoach accident. On the last day of the trial, Muybridge's lawyer gave a closing argument to the jury that the San Francisco Chronicle (February 6, 1875) called: '... the most eloquent forensic efforts ever heard in the State."
If there had to be a defining moment through all the chaos and highlights of Muybridge's life that would make him or break him, I believe it was the closing argument by Mr. Pendergast to the Jury - the speech that changed the world.
"I cannot ask you to send this man forth to family and home—he has none . . . . But I do ask you to send him forth free—let him take up the thread of his broken life, and resume that profession on which his genius had shed so much luster—the profession which is now his only love. Let him go forth into the green fields, by the bright waters, through the beautiful valleys, and up and down the swelling coast, and in the active work of the magic of his art, he may gain 'surcease of sorrow' and pass on to his allotted end in comparative peace."
"The peroration carried the audience away, and at the close they broke into a storm of applause..." San Francisco Chronicle (February 6, 1875). The jury shortly came back with a verdict of 'not guilty, due to justifiable homicide', which was not a option given to them as a verdict by the judge. Muybridged was released.
After the Trial
The University of Pennsylvania invited Muybridge to continue his research with their funds and facilities. Muybridge went on to dedicate the majority of his life to the study of human and animal locomotion through his photographic techniques and inventions. His life's work provided knowledge for the scientific community in the field of kinesiology never before understood, and his development of high speed photography [and zoopraxiscope] enabled the first motion picture.
The impression left by Mr. Pendergast's most powerful closing argument to those who heard it, seems to have to foreshadowed the impression Muybridge would leave on our modern world.
Modern photography, film & television; all of the inventions developed as a result of Muybridge's work; the science & knowledge, the art & war that knowledge enabled; an ever-growing advancement of technology each compounded by the technology the preceded it, it's incredible to think where we might be today if Muybridge had been imprisoned and his legacy stunted. In the words of another man most legendary in his field, American pianist George Winston:
"I like to be a good librarian... Our journeys [in life] are a lot shorter because somebody else did something, as long as they are they could be a lot longer if nobody else had done something to be a part of the information"
To learn more about Muybridge's life and achievements, I recommend the book "River of Shadows" by Rebecca Solnit.